What are Dental Implants? What Are The Different Types?

What are Dental Implants? What Are The Different Types?

Dental implants are artificial roots fixed into the jawbone and left to fuse with it over a period of a few months. The job of a dental implant is to function as an artificial tooth root used to support recovery for missing teeth or tooth, aiding to prevent to stop jawbone loss.

If you have been advised to undergo the implantation procedure, you should consider contacting the implant dentists at Peak Family Dental Care for the best results. 

The reason why implantation is necessary is that people who have lost multiple teeth might hesitate to talk or smile, or even face difficulty in eating, resulting in malnutrition. Other reasons why you should not delay getting implants are that it provides stability and strength needed to chew food properly, maintain jawbone, and prevent further bone loss.

Tooth loss is usually caused by:

  •         Tooth decay
  •         Gum disease
  •         Excessive wear and tear
  •         Trauma to mouth causing tooth injury
  •         Congenital defects
  •         Root canal failure

Types of Dental Implants

Most implants are made from pure titanium. They are fairly small and fit into the jawbone to function as regular tooth roots. Implants can be utilized for every type of tooth loss and are customizable according to the fit.

There are 3 common types of implants that you can select from – Endosteal, Subperiosteal, and Zygomatic. Amongst these three, the most common and the safest option is endosteal, followed by subperiosteal, and lastly, the most complex type that is rarely used is zygomatic.

Endosteal Implants

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Although they suit most patients, endosteal implants require a healthy, good jawbone for fusion. Endosteal implants are placeholder posts, which are fashioned like screws. They are out into the jawbone in which the false teeth are fitted.

After the procedure is complete, this takes sometime to heal, fuse together and form a stronghold. Once the dental implant is healed, the false tooth can be put onto the post to let it fir in with adjacent teeth.

Subperiosteal Implants

If you do not want something to be placed in your jawbone, you can talk to implant dentists at Peak Family Dental Care and ask for subperiosteal implants. These implants rest on the bone’s top under the gum, instead of being fit into the jawbone.

The post is attached to a metal frame that is put under the gum. Then, the gum is allowed to heal around the metal frame to hold the frame in place. After that, false teeth are fixed to the poles that emanate from the gum.

People who do not have sufficient jawbone for the implant or do not want to go through an intensive oral surgery should go for this type of implant.

Zygomatic Implants

This is a complex procedure and rather rare than the other two. The doctor will only advise you to undergo this implant if you do not have sufficient jawbone to support endosteal implant. This type of implant is placed into the cheekbone of the patient rather than their jawbone.

 

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